南华| 通州| 南川| 凉城| 黔江| 云溪| 新竹县| 会同| 滴道| 新疆| 华阴| 洋县| 古丈| 武威| 兴平| 肃南| 临西| 茂名| 渑池| 沿河| 宁蒗| 阿勒泰| 新龙| 吴川| 察哈尔右翼中旗| 桑日| 天水| 乌拉特中旗| 奎屯| 邹平| 肇州| 新洲| 涉县| 阜平| 英山| 贾汪| 开原| 晋中| 南昌市| 盖州| 莱西| 梓潼| 大新| 永善| 闵行| 仪陇| 怀安| 柳城| 丹棱| 南靖| 鄢陵| 新绛| 彰武| 隆昌| 浪卡子| 甘南| 资源| 成都| 云霄| 高安| 西沙岛| 宿豫| 伊宁县| 丰城| 五指山| 尚义| 柳州| 溧阳| 阿克陶| 陕县| 安县| 潞西| 单县| 天柱| 竹溪| 沧源| 竹溪| 朔州| 四川| 井研| 丹棱| 梅里斯| 互助| 盐城| 克拉玛依| 祁阳| 南海| 滕州| 宿迁| 平坝| 饶平| 辉南| 双辽| 和平| 浦江| 五台| 察哈尔右翼中旗| 昌图| 江西| 包头| 都安| 湘潭县| 普洱| 原阳| 金门| 正蓝旗| 错那| 阜新市| 乌达| 利津| 志丹| 蒙阴| 禹城| 淄博| 靖安| 淮阴| 集美| 涟水| 华池| 镇远| 平谷| 灵台| 潮州| 太仆寺旗| 三江| 亳州| 洪湖| 台北县| 涿鹿| 江永| 凉城| 交城| 昌宁| 泽库| 娄底| 大邑| 门源| 巴东| 开鲁| 蓬安| 同安| 北碚| 遂平| 武川| 广元| 弋阳| 府谷| 赞皇| 江城| 曲沃| 松阳| 平昌| 金溪| 广水| 巫山| 宁都| 当阳| 铁岭市| 惠阳| 饶平| 白城| 勐海| 穆棱| 昆山| 南沙岛| 休宁| 诏安| 亚东| 和县| 赤水| 修文| 玛沁| 保靖| 泾川| 石柱| 盈江| 寻甸| 兖州| 商水| 抚松| 亳州| 聂荣| 巴马| 浦江| 五营| 昂仁| 化隆| 罗源| 淳安| 珠穆朗玛峰| 垦利| 攸县| 胶州| 七台河| 凯里| 通河| 勉县| 泰顺| 宣汉| 曲阜| 乐业| 防城区| 澜沧| 大洼| 应县| 萝北| 班戈| 会理| 察哈尔右翼前旗| 华容| 荆州| 海门| 平度| 泸西| 鄄城| 安泽| 汝阳| 玉树| 嘉荫| 英山| 赣县| 略阳| 通道| 阿鲁科尔沁旗| 平顺| 公主岭| 长沙县| 海南| 黄平| 武胜| 杭州| 青川| 石家庄| 峨眉山| 巩留| 锦屏| 格尔木| 华宁| 永吉| 尚志| 正阳| 大同市| 新和| 宣化县| 基隆| 福贡| 云林| 夏县| 建德| 美溪| 薛城| 潼南| 和县| 邹城| 城阳| 工布江达| 略阳| 镶黄旗| 乐昌| 江山| 二道江| 滴道| 图们|

2018年中央电视台技术科研项目合作申报指南

2019-09-21 04:10 来源:第一新闻网

  2018年中央电视台技术科研项目合作申报指南

  (CNS),astate-levelnewsagencysponsoredandestablishedbyChinesejournalistsandrenownedoverseasChineseexpertsonOctober1,(),,,includingin-depthcoverage,featurestoriesandvisualcontent,withtopicssuchascurrentevents,art,lifestyle,(CNS)isnotonlyastate-levelnewsagencyspreadingnewsworldwide,butalsoaninternationalnewsagencywithsubscribersinTaiwan,HongKongandMacao,,formervicechairmanoftheStandingCommitteeoftheNationalPeoplesCongress,,therewereothermajorsponsorsandbuilders,suchasJinZhonghua,HuYuzhi,,awell-knownexpertoninternationalissues,,CNSwastheInternationalNewsService,,adatabaseofinforma(includingwritings,photosandspecialarticles)andamodernmethodofreporting(mainlythroughinternet,videosandSMS)providedtooverse,,HongKongandMacao,aswellasbranchesorreportstationsinTokyo,Bangkok,KualaLumpur,NewYork,Washington,LosAngeles,SanFrancisco,Vancouver,London,Paris,,andnewsreleasecentershavebeenestablishedinBeijing,,multi-levelandmulti-functionnewsreleasesystem,CNSprovidesallkindsofnewsandinformation,’,,1999,theheadquartersofCNSlauncheditsofficialwebsite,namedChinanews().ChinanewsisconsideredoneofChina’smostimportantonlinenewssources.Awomangrillsfish,meat,potatoslicesandsweetpotatoonthebonnetofacarinBinzhouCity,EastChina’sShandongProvince,June5,2018,(Photo/SipaPhoto)Awomangrillsfish,meat,potatoslicesandsweetpotatoonthebonnetofacarinBinzhouCity,EastChina’sShandongProvince,June5,2018,(Photo/SipaPhoto)Awomangrillsfish,meat,potatoslicesandsweetpotatoonthebonnetofacarinBinzhouCity,EastChina’sShandongProvince,June5,2018,(Photo/SipaPhoto)

Thislow-angleself-portraitofNASAsCuriosityMarsrovershowsthevehicleatthesitefromwhichitreacheddowntodrillintoarocktargetcalled"Buckskin"onlowerMountSharp.(Photo/Agencies)NASA’sCuriosityroverhasfoundnewevidencepreservedinrocksonMarsthatsuggeststheplanetcouldhavesupportedancientlife,aswellasnewevidenceintheMart,thesefindingsareagoodsignforfuturemissionsexploringtheplanet’“tough”organicmoleculesinthree-billion-year-oldsedimentaryrocksnearthesurface,aswellasseasonalvariationsinthelevelsofm,andalsomayincludeoxygen,,organicmoleculesalsocanbecreatedbynon-biologicalprocessesandarenotnecessarilyindicatorsoflife.“Withthesenewfindings,Marsistellingustostaythecourseandkeepsearchingforevidenceoflife,”saidThomasZurbuchen,associateadministratorfortheScienceMissionDirectorateatNASAHeadquarters,inWashington.“I’mconfidentthatourongoingandplannedmissionswillunlockevenmorebreathtakingdiscoveriesontheRedPlanet.”Thisself-portraitofNASAsCuriosityMarsroverobtainedFebruary4,2018showsthevehicleonVeraRubinRidge,whichitsbeeninvestigatingforthepastseveralmonths,directlybehindtheroveristhestartofaclaywherenorthisontheleftandwestisontheright,withGaleCratersrimonthehorizonofbothedges.-’sCuriosityroverhasfoundnewevidencepreservedinrocksonMarsthatsuggeststheplanetcouldhavesupportedancientlife,aswellasnewevidenceintheMart,thesefindingsareagoodsignforfuturemissionsexploringtheplanet’“tough”organicmoleculesinthree-billion-year-oldsedimentaryrocksnearthesurface,aswellasseasonalvariationsinthelevelsofm,andalsomayincludeoxygen,,organicmoleculesalsocanbecreatedbynon-biologicalprocessesandarenotnecessarilyindicatorsoflife.“Withthesenewfindings,Marsistellingustostaythecourseandkeepsearchingforevidenceoflife,”saidThomasZurbuchen,associateadministratorfortheScienceMissionDirectorateatNASAHeadquarters,inWashington.“I’mconfidentthatourongoingandplannedmissionswillunlockevenmorebreathtakingdiscoveriesontheRedPlanet.”ChildrenplayonasquareinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June3,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/ZhangCheng)StudentsofamiddleschoolplayfootballinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June4,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)AmangoeswindsurferinginQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,May4,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/ZhangCheng)CitizensposeforphotoattheOlympicParkinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June4,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)ChildrenpracticerollerskatinginQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June4,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)AmandoesexercisesataparkinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June3,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/JiangKehong)AsailboatisseeninthewaterinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June4,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/YinGang)

  ChinesediversLianJunjieandSiYajiecompeteinthemixed10-metersynchronizedplatformattheFINADivingWorldCupinWuhanCity,CentralChina’sHubeiProvince,June4,(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangChang)ChinesediversLianJunjieandSiYajiecompeteinthemixed10-metersynchronizedplatformattheFINADivingWorldCupinWuhanCity,CentralChina’sHubeiProvince,June4,(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangChang)Canadiandiverscompeteinthemixed10-metersynchronizedplatformattheFINADivingWorldCupinWuhanCity,CentralChina’sHubeiProvince,June4,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangChang)Canadiandiverscompeteinthemixed10-metersynchronizedplatformattheFINADivingWorldCupinWuhanCity,CentralChina’sHubeiProvince,June4,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangChang)Germandiverscompeteinthemixed10-metersynchronizedplatformattheFINADivingWorldCupinWuhanCity,CentralChina’sHubeiProvince,June4,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangChang)AviewofilluminatedstalactiteformationsattheJixingyanscenicareainDebaoCounty,SouthChina’sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June3,,thesecond-highestonChina’stourismscale.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenWen)AviewofilluminatedstalactiteformationsattheJixingyanscenicareainDebaoCounty,SouthChina’sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June3,,thesecond-highestonChina’stourismscale.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenWen)AviewofilluminatedstalactiteformationsattheJixingyanscenicareainDebaoCounty,SouthChina’sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June3,,thesecond-highestonChina’stourismscale.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenWen)AviewofilluminatedstalactiteformationsattheJixingyanscenicareainDebaoCounty,SouthChina’sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June3,,thesecond-highestonChina’stourismscale.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenWen)AviewofilluminatedstalactiteformationsattheJixingyanscenicareainDebaoCounty,SouthChina’sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June3,,thesecond-highestonChina’stourismscale.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenWen)AviewofilluminatedstalactiteformationsattheJixingyanscenicareainDebaoCounty,SouthChina’sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June3,,thesecond-highestonChina’stourismscale.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenWen)

  AerialphototakenonJune2,2018showsthedryriverbedofSonghuaRiverinHarbin,northeastChina,thelowestforsome11years,onMay29.(Xinhua/WangKai)AerialphototakenonJune2,2018showstheexposedriverbedofSonghuaRiverinHarbin,northeastChina,thelowestforsome11years,onMay29.(Xinhua/WangKai)AerialphototakenonJune2,2018showsthedryriverbedofSonghuaRiverinHarbin,northeastChina,thelowestforsome11years,onMay29.(Xinhua/WangKai)AerialphototakenonJune2,2018showstheexposedriverbedofSonghuaRiverinHarbin,northeastChina,thelowestforsome11years,onMay29.(Xinhua/WangKai)AerialphototakenonJune2,2018showstheexposedriverbedofSonghuaRiverinHarbin,northeastChina,thelowestforsome11years,onMay29.(Xinhua/WangKai)AerialphototakenonJune2,2018showstheexposedriverbedofSonghuaRiverinHarbin,northeastChina,thelowestforsome11years,onMay29.(Xinhua/WangKai)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofTuandaoinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin1996(upper)andonMay4,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,LiZiheng)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofQingdaoPortinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin1996(upper)andonMay7,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,GuoXulei)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofWusiSquareinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin1996(upper)andonApril16,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,GuoXulei)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofQingdaoSportsCenterinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin2000(upper)andonMay13,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,LiZiheng)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofZhanqiaoPierinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin1996(upper)andonMay4,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,GuoXulei)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofMaidaoinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin1996(upper)andonMay4,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,LiZiheng)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofOlympicSailingCenter,whichusedtobeashipyard,inQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin2000(upper)andonApril16,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,GuoXulei)

AerialphototakenonJune2,2018showsthedryriverbedofSonghuaRiverinHarbin,northeastChina,thelowestforsome11years,onMay29.(Xinhua/WangKai)AerialphototakenonJune2,2018showstheexposedriverbedofSonghuaRiverinHarbin,northeastChina,thelowestforsome11years,onMay29.(Xinhua/WangKai)AerialphototakenonJune2,2018showsthedryriverbedofSonghuaRiverinHarbin,northeastChina,thelowestforsome11years,onMay29.(Xinhua/WangKai)AerialphototakenonJune2,2018showstheexposedriverbedofSonghuaRiverinHarbin,northeastChina,thelowestforsome11years,onMay29.(Xinhua/WangKai)AerialphototakenonJune2,2018showstheexposedriverbedofSonghuaRiverinHarbin,northeastChina,thelowestforsome11years,onMay29.(Xinhua/WangKai)AerialphototakenonJune2,2018showstheexposedriverbedofSonghuaRiverinHarbin,northeastChina,thelowestforsome11years,onMay29.(Xinhua/WangKai)

  AdinosaurfossilisondisplayonthefirstflooroftheEiffelTowerinParis,France,June2,,themysteriousdinosaurskeletonfetchedmorethan$,thoughttobeanewspeciesbelongingtothetheropodfamily,datesbacktothelateJurassicperiodandis150millionyearsold.(Photo/Agencies)AdinosaurfossilisondisplayonthefirstflooroftheEiffelTowerinParis,France,June2,,themysteriousdinosaurskeletonfetchedmorethan$,thoughttobeanewspeciesbelongingtothetheropodfamily,datesbacktothelateJurassicperiodandis150millionyearsold.(Photo/Agencies)AdinosaurfossilisondisplayonthefirstflooroftheEiffelTowerinParis,France,June2,,themysteriousdinosaurskeletonfetchedmorethan$,thoughttobeanewspeciesbelongingtothetheropodfamily,datesbacktothelateJurassicperiodandis150millionyearsold.(Photo/Agencies)AdinosaurfossilisondisplayonthefirstflooroftheEiffelTowerinParis,France,June2,,themysteriousdinosaurskeletonfetchedmorethan$,thoughttobeanewspeciesbelongingtothetheropodfamily,datesbacktothelateJurassicperiodandis150millionyearsold.(Photo/Agencies)

  (ECNS)--ChineseresearchershaveconfirmedtheexistenceofwildpopulationsofNorthChineseleopards,anendangeredsubspecies,intheZiwulingforestarAdministrationa,anassociateprofessorattheuniversity,saidresearchersnowhaveabetterpictureofthespeciesinthewildafterfindingtrareverfoundinChina,,infraredcamerashavetakenimagesofatlea,quantity,habitat,andgeneticmakeupoftheNorthChineseleopard,atopspeciesintheregion’sforestecosystem,nandscientificresearchinordertosolvethemysteryoftheleopard’leecologicalsystemfromtheTaihangMountainstotheLoessPlateauinnorthernShaanxihansandtheshrinkingspaceoftheirhabitats.Anindependentformationof55femalehonorguardsofthePeoplesLibera,whousedtostandwiththemalehonorguardssincetheirdebutin2014,areappearingasanindependentformationforthefirsttime.(Photo/Xinhua)Anindependentformationof55femalehonorguardsofthePeoplesLibera,whousedtostandwiththemalehonorguardssincetheirdebutin2014,areappearingasanindependentformationforthefirsttime.(Photo/Xinhua)Anindependentformationof55femalehonorguardsofthePeoplesLibera,whousedtostandwiththemalehonorguardssincetheirdebutin2014,areappearingasanindependentformationforthefirsttime.(Photo/Xinhua)Anindependentformationof55femalehonorguardsofthePeoplesLibera,whousedtostandwiththemalehonorguardssincetheirdebutin2014,areappearingasanindependentformationforthefirsttime.(Photo/Xinhua)

  TwoTaiChiparticipantscompeteinamartialartscontestduringthe17thQinghaiProvinceGamesinXiningCity,NorthwestChina’sQinghaiProvince,June3,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenTianfu)AparticipantperformsTaiChiinamartialartscontestduringthe17thQinghaiProvinceGamesinXiningCity,NorthwestChina’sQinghaiProvince,June3,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenTianfu)AparticipantperformsTaiChiinamartialartscontestduringthe17thQinghaiProvinceGamesinXiningCity,NorthwestChina’sQinghaiProvince,June3,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenTianfu)TwoTaiChiparticipantscompeteinamartialartscontestduringthe17thQinghaiProvinceGamesinXiningCity,NorthwestChina’sQinghaiProvince,June3,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenTianfu)

  Avisitor(front,R)experiencesproductsofanexhibitoratthe2018BeijingInternationalAudiologyConferenceinBeijing,capitalofChina,June2,rday.(Xinhua/LuPeng)Hearingaidequipmentsaredisplayedatthe20182018BeijingInternationalAudiologyConferenceinBeijing,capitalofChina,June2,rday.(Xinhua/ZhangChenlin)Hearingaidequipmentsaredisplayedatthe2018BeijingInternationalAudiologyConferenceinBeijing,capitalofChina,June2,rday.(Xinhua/ZhangChenlin)Avisitor(front,R)experiencesahearingaidequipmentwithaVRdeviceatthe20182018BeijingInternationalAudiologyConferenceinBeijing,capitalofChina,June2,rday.(Xinhua/LuPeng)Peoplevisitthe2018BeijingInternationalAudiologyConferenceinBeijing,capitalofChina,June2,rday.(Xinhua/LuPeng)Astaffmember(2nd,R)answersvisitorsinquiryatthe20182018BeijingInternationalAudiologyConferenceinBeijing,capitalofChina,June2,rday.(Xinhua/LuPeng)The2018BeijingInternationalAudiologyConferenceisheldinBeijing,capitalofChina,June2,rday.(Xinhua/ZhangChenlin)SanitaryworkerLiuWenhuacollectsgarbageonacliffwhilehangingfromacableatWulingyuanscenicareainZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince,June5,,48,hasworkedatthetouristattractionfornearlyfiveyears,mainlyresponsibleforcleaninglitterleftbyirresponsiblevisitors.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WuYongbing)SanitaryworkerLiuWenhuacollectsgarbageonacliffwhilehangingfromacableatWulingyuanscenicareainZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince,June5,,48,hasworkedatthetouristattractionfornearlyfiveyears,mainlyresponsibleforcleaninglitterleftbyirresponsiblevisitors.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WuYongbing)SanitaryworkerLiuWenhuacollectsgarbageonacliffwhilehangingfromacableatWulingyuanscenicareainZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince,June5,,48,hasworkedatthetouristattractionfornearlyfiveyears,mainlyresponsibleforcleaninglitterleftbyirresponsiblevisitors.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WuYongbing)SanitaryworkerLiuWenhuacollectsgarbageonacliffwhilehangingfromacableatWulingyuanscenicareainZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince,June5,,48,hasworkedatthetouristattractionfornearlyfiveyears,mainlyresponsibleforcleaninglitterleftbyirresponsiblevisitors.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WuYongbing)SanitaryworkerLiuWenhuacollectsgarbageonacliffwhilehangingfromacableatWulingyuanscenicareainZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince,June5,,48,hasworkedatthetouristattractionfornearlyfiveyears,mainlyresponsibleforcleaninglitterleftbyirresponsiblevisitors.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WuYongbing)SanitaryworkerLiuWenhuacollectsgarbageonacliffwhilehangingfromacableatWulingyuanscenicareainZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince,June5,,48,hasworkedatthetouristattractionfornearlyfiveyears,mainlyresponsibleforcleaninglitterleftbyirresponsiblevisitors.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WuYongbing)SanitaryworkerLiuWenhuacollectsgarbageonacliffwhilehangingfromacableatWulingyuanscenicareainZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince,June5,,48,hasworkedatthetouristattractionfornearlyfiveyears,mainlyresponsibleforcleaninglitterleftbyirresponsiblevisitors.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WuYongbing)SanitaryworkerLiuWenhuacollectsgarbageonacliffwhilehangingfromacableatWulingyuanscenicareainZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince,June5,,48,hasworkedatthetouristattractionfornearlyfiveyears,mainlyresponsibleforcleaninglitterleftbyirresponsiblevisitors.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WuYongbing)SanitaryworkerLiuWenhuacollectsgarbageonacliffwhilehangingfromacableatWulingyuanscenicareainZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince,June5,,48,hasworkedatthetouristattractionfornearlyfiveyears,mainlyresponsibleforcleaninglitterleftbyirresponsiblevisitors.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WuYongbing)

  TheFengyun-2Hmeteorologicalsatellite,carriedbyaLongMarch-3Arocket,islaunchedfromtheXichangSatelliteLaunchCenterinsouthwestChinasSichuanProvince,June5,2018.(Xinhua/LiangKeyan)TheFengyun-2Hmeteorologicalsatellite,carriedbyaLongMarch-3Arocket,islaunchedfromtheXichangSatelliteLaunchCenterinsouthwestChinasSichuanProvince,June5,2018.(Xinhua/LiuKun)TheFengyun-2Hmeteorologicalsatellite,carriedbyaLongMarch-3Arocket,islaunchedfromtheXichangSatelliteLaunchCenterinsouthwestChinasSichuanProvince,June5,2018.(Xinhua/LiuKun)

  ChinesediversLianJunjieandSiYajiecompeteinthemixed10-metersynchronizedplatformattheFINADivingWorldCupinWuhanCity,CentralChina’sHubeiProvince,June4,(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangChang)ChinesediversLianJunjieandSiYajiecompeteinthemixed10-metersynchronizedplatformattheFINADivingWorldCupinWuhanCity,CentralChina’sHubeiProvince,June4,(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangChang)Canadiandiverscompeteinthemixed10-metersynchronizedplatformattheFINADivingWorldCupinWuhanCity,CentralChina’sHubeiProvince,June4,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangChang)Canadiandiverscompeteinthemixed10-metersynchronizedplatformattheFINADivingWorldCupinWuhanCity,CentralChina’sHubeiProvince,June4,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangChang)Germandiverscompeteinthemixed10-metersynchronizedplatformattheFINADivingWorldCupinWuhanCity,CentralChina’sHubeiProvince,June4,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangChang)

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徐春龙:民国女画家 “金闺国士”周炼霞

徐春龙 2019-09-21 09:39:13

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我在上个世纪80年代,就听老先生们说起过“海派三美”周炼霞、陆小曼与吴青霞。这三位美女画家,在当时上海画坛那是名门才女。风姿绰约,艺压群芳。周炼霞高贵优雅,陆小曼蕴藉风流,吴青霞娟秀清丽。

周炼霞

周炼霞

周炼霞1908年生于湖南湘潭,号螺川,室名螺川诗屋,忏红轩。她自幼才情绝佳,姿容艳丽。14岁随郑凝德学画,17岁师从晚清四大词家之一朱古微学词。

周炼霞是海派著名女画家,同时也是近代最优秀的女诗人和词人。著有《嘤鸣诗集》《学诗浅说》《螺川韵语》等。


徐春龙:民国女画家 “金闺国士”周炼霞

周炼霞作品

周炼霞是和陆小曼是同样性格的人,年轻漂亮,才艺双绝,且为人热情坦荡,不拘小节。在豪门显贵,书画名流中交际往来游刃有余。惹得各方名士,争先追捧。周炼霞20岁便已风华绝代于上海滩。并有“炼师娘”之艳称,每天媒体小报亦趋之若鹜,争相报道其交际中的艳闻轶事,面对这些流言蜚语,她均一笑置之。

以记录民国掌故著称的郑逸梅先生,就是一见到周炼霞便惊为天人,举措失当,乱了方寸。称赞周炼霞体态清丽宛转,似流风回雪,真乃女画家中第一美人。

徐春龙:民国女画家 “金闺国士”周炼霞

周炼霞作品

周炼霞诗词才情绝高,所作诗词清新脱俗,依韵宛转,诗词中既有闺中帘垂低幕之低唱,“几度声低语软,道是寒轻夜犹浅,早些归去早些眠,梦里和君相见。”亦有“酒暖千秋岁,帘卷东风第一枝,花与人同醉。”等须眉之气,其诗词中佳句如“但使两心相照,无灯无月何妨。”常为友人圈中交口传唱,众人皆慕其才。诗坛名宿冒鹤亭,德高望重对周炼霞垂爱有加,对其诗词佳句更是在众人面前推崇备至,屡屡赞不绝口。许效庳乃诗界狂人,常以白眼视人,不入眼者多之。唯与周炼霞相见甚欢,诗词歌赋谈吐甚是投机。并称:“画苑中人,论诗词,周炼霞第一,愧杀须眉。”更有人赞赏她的词:“咳吐珠玉,可以乱漱玉之真言,所作之词,高妙绝哉,可以和李清照媲美。故人送雅号‘金闺国士’。”

周炼霞作品

周炼霞作品

周炼霞才思敏捷,与友人唱酬,佳句常随口而出,博得众人喝彩连连叹服不已。一次裱画大师刘定之做寿,绘像征题。众人皆推名宿冒鹤亭执笔题之,然他觉的装裱匠人所持技艺,难以用典,为此犹豫不决。周炼霞见之,言道:白描为之,何必拘泥于典故。随口吟得七律一首:“瘦骨长髯入画中,行人都道是刘翁。银毫并列排琼雪,宝轴双埀压玉虹。补得天衣无缝迹,装成云锦有神工。只今艺苑留真谱,先策君家第一功。”诗成,大家无不击案叫绝。她还曾唱酬词友两首《卜算子》:“已是丑奴儿,那复罗敷媚。绿意红情得暮春,弄影全无谓。香冷少年心,酒暖千秋岁。帘卷东风第一枝,花与人同醉。”“淡画满庭芳,遥唱春云愁。不买胭脂点绛唇,本色何由褪。玉笛一丝风,吹过声声慢。似说无愁可解嘲,且斗樽前健。”两词一连嵌入十三个词牌名,且依旧行云流水,畅快淋漓,令人叫绝。难怪词学大家唐圭璋后偶读其词,深感词妙高绝,恨与之相见太晚。周炼霞的小诗小令,写的清新别致。尤其她能把一些不太入诗的咏物小诗,写的别有一番情趣在心头。如咏咸鸭蛋:“春江水暖未成胎,盐海泥涂去已回。剖出寸心颜色好,满山云为夕阳开。”还有《消寒九咏》中的七律《手笼》:常共貂裘觅醉吟,相携不畏雪霜侵。浅深恰护柔荑玉,开合频牵細练金。密密囊中藏粉镜,依依袖底拥芳襟。旗亭酒冷人将别,一握难禁暖到心。(手笼是和女式貂皮大衣配套的服饰,流行于民国时期的富家太太)这首七律周炼霞写的细腻体贴,真可谓别有诗裁,令友人传颂一时。

周炼霞作品

周炼霞作品

周炼霞曾与吴湖帆交往甚密,吴湖帆所著《佞宋词痕》中的词句也是由周炼霞帮其润色或为其代笔之后,韵味才越发有隽永之感。周炼霞也因与吴湖帆交好而画艺精进。笔墨点染间,书画线条功力犹若画辈前贤。冒鹤亭也为吴湖帆《佞宋词痕》作序,虽赞赏连连,但在背后却对他人夸赞周炼霞,笑说吴湖帆作词,连给周炼霞做徒孙都不够资格,亦可见周炼霞诗词才艺斐然。她的一些词,我们现今读起来,仍觉清新婉转,雅致工丽,组词立意,实得诗词个中三味。欣赏有若;秀士临江,飘然自我。或若云游明山,寻幽谷而探翠微。情趣实是令人有直入文人淡雅婉约之境。

周炼霞作品

周炼霞作品

周炼霞早在上个世纪三十年代,就任上海锡珍女校国画教师,并为王星记扇庄画扇面出售。1936年她的画被选送加拿大第一届国际艺术展,并荣获金奖。随后被英国,意大利出版的《世界名人大辞典》将其画传载入,真可谓蜚声海外。在国内与张爱玲、苏青、潘柳黛被众人誉为江南才女。张爱玲、苏青、潘柳黛是文坛作家才女,周炼霞则是属于古典式的才女。四十年代她与冯文凤、李秋君、顾青瑶、吴青霞、陆小曼、陈小翠、庞左玉发起组织“中国女子书画会”为现代美术史留下了靓丽的一页。

周炼霞作品

周炼霞作品

抗日战争爆发,周炼霞丈夫徐晚蘋奉调重庆,原以为是小别,谁知时局动荡,无奈她独居上海。喜爱社交的她不甘寂寞,时常参加各种诗坛,画坛的聚会。她年轻貌美,聪慧且多才多艺,所到之处,如众星捧月一般。她所交往,皆是文坛画坛顶级大家名宿。如冒鹤亭、许效庳、吴湖帆、翟兑之、张大千、郑昌午、江寒汀、唐云、谢稚柳。毋须讳言,他们与其交往,自然喜其貌美,更慕其才华。周炼霞擅长画侍女,画风清新淡雅,设色明艳,神采跃于纸上。郑逸梅曾对画赞曰:她本身就是一幅仕女画。晚年,她虽已美人迟暮,仍不乏仰慕者,著名诗人苏渊雷就有“七十有倾城”的诗句来赞美她。

周炼霞的丈夫徐晚蘋,抗战胜利后被调往台湾供职。夫妻原本以为是小别,谁知她们从此天各一方。

徐春龙:民国女画家 “金闺国士”周炼霞

周炼霞作品

1956年上海中国画院成,她是首批被聘的高级画师。

文革期间,周炼霞有这层台湾亲属关系,是难逃被批斗的厄运。面对批斗与羞辱,她总是一言不发,也从不揭发检举别人。这样的态度,是肯定过不了关,定遭皮肉之苦。文革给她身体带来了巨大的伤害,她的一只眼睛,被打几近失明。罪名竟是她早年所作那首,曾被友人传唱的著名小词《西江月》中两句:“但使两心相照,无灯无月何妨”这就是造反派诬为,不要光明,只要黑暗的罪证,真是荒唐至极。周炼霞虽身遭不幸,但性情坚韧宁静,并没有消极怨恨,而是请人刻了两方印章,一方是屈原《楚辞》中一句“目眇眇兮愁予”一方,则是成语“一目了然”其意,真令人慨叹,心性超然若水。

徐春龙:民国女画家 “金闺国士”周炼霞

周炼霞作品

周炼霞从上海中国画院退休后,她便深居简出,独居巷弄深处。被迫害过的眼疾,虽越来越重,但她达观自然。爱美的她,依然淡雅超然。在夜阑人静的时候,孤居的她也常常思念丈夫徐晚蘋。一弯海峡,却将二人分割数十年。晚年的她,常倚门而望,她期望着丈夫的归来。这一天她终于等来了,海峡那边来信了,信封的右上角,依旧用钢笔画着两只飞舞的蝴蝶。她两手颤抖抚摸着这两只飞跃千山万水,飞跃三十五年寒暑的蝴蝶。泪水从她患疾多年的眼角,一串串滑落。她轻轻拆开信,“炼霞吾妻”四字映入眼帘。她一下子被触动了整个心弦,这四个字,她已封存了多少个黑夜和黎明。她哭了,痛快的哭泣……

终于等到丈夫的归来,她跟随他去了美国,他给她治好了眼疾。夫妻二人在晚年之际,幸福地团聚,幸福的生活在一起,她和他依旧春光明媚……

徐春龙:民国女画家 “金闺国士”周炼霞

周炼霞作品

周炼霞的书画作品,这几年在国内拍卖会上日渐走高,她和吴湖帆合作的《荷花鸳鸯图》已拍到1035万元人民币。她的一方猫纹端砚也被拍得41万元人民币。她的诗好画好,画面多有和大家名宿的合作题跋,是收藏者们的收藏亮点。相信她和她的诗书画会给我们留下永不失去的美好。

徐春龙,1952年生,受教于张伯驹先生。曾任大唐国际拍卖公司书画部经理,百工坊拍卖公司副总,物华艺术馆名誉馆长、策展人,北京朝阳门地区文化创意产业联合会主席,中国文物学会会员,书画文物评估鉴赏,文化部艺术品市场评估委员会委员,东方大学客座教授等。
徐春龙,1952年生,受教于张伯驹先生。曾任大唐国际拍卖公司书画部经理,百工坊拍卖公司副总,物华艺术馆名誉馆长、策展人,北京朝阳门地区文化创意产业联合会主席,中国文物学会会员,书画文物评估鉴赏,文化部艺术品市场评估委员会委员,东方大学客座教授等。

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